The Image Collection of the Slavonic Library comprises mostly pictures, posters and postcards printed at printing houses. The majority of the images have been received as deposit copies from around the Russian Empire in 1828–1917. There are also visual materials from the Soviet era.
The subject matters include people, locations, buildings, army and events during wars, religious motifs and literature. The collection also contains lubki, propaganda posters from the First World War and satirical images.
Postcard motifs include people, locations, theatre and visual arts. There are over 2,000 postcards published prior to 1917 and thousands published during the Soviet era.