The A. E. Nordenskiöld Collection contains maps, geographical literature, travel accounts and book rarities collected by researcher and explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld in the end of the 19th century. In 1997, the collection was included in the UNESCO Memory of the World registry.
The collection includes a vast range of early cartographic and geographic literature, around 3.870 titles, a few manuscripts and around 24,000 maps. The collection has plenty of literature concerning the Arctic areas, a nearly perfect series of Ptolemy's Atlases and a wide range of literature on the discovery of America. The collection illustrates the growth of geographic information in the West. It is is one of the most perfect collections in the world illustrating the development of modern cartography.